In general, knowledge of the laws of composition is not a specific stage of interior design. It is the first principle for successful work in any activity related to art, and as a result, home decor design. It is impossible to create a harmonious interior without knowing the basics of making a composition. Mastering the basic compositional design techniques will help avoid visual imbalance. For example, the presence of “voids” or “overcrowdedness” in the home in order to ensure the correct interconnection of elements.
The interior decoration process is closely related to the knowledge of the rules of architectural composition. Creating interiors according to the laws of artistic design distinguishes the interiors of professionals from the interiors made by amateurs.
So, let’s try to figure out this “composition,” and find out what it is.
The center of attention
The first thing to take care of is the composition center. This is the object that we, first of all, pay attention to when entering the room. It stands out from the whole design in shape, color, texture, or size.
The center of the composition does not have to be in the center of the room. It can be pushed against a wall or positioned in a corner. It must balance the composition of the interior.
Place the rest of the pieces of furniture and decor relative to the compositional center. They should be in harmony with it and with each other. As a compositional center, one may use the following:
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How it starts
Architectural composition is the relationship of the elements, located in a certain, from an artistic point of view, order, and having specific quantitative and qualitative characteristics to achieve general harmony, integrity, and expressiveness of a work.
Concerning interior design, the room, as the central design unit, with all the furniture, equipment, decoration elements (paintings, lamps, candlesticks) located in it, is considered by interior designers nothing more than a composition. At the same time, the plan of floors, ceilings, each separate wall of a room is its own distinct composition too. One must work on this to achieve general harmony of the entire look of a room, apartment, or house.
The center of the composition (center of attention) should immediately catch your eye as soon as you get into a room or space. It must dominate and subordinate all other interior elements and, most importantly, organize the room’s area. And if the composition has a center, then there should be complementary elements obeying the center.
Now that you know which elements should be present in any composition, you need to understand how these elements are positioned relative to each other. Any visual area has definite boundaries, be it a picture frame or an entire room.
Elements around the center of the composition can be arranged (grouped) according to the rules of symmetry or asymmetry. When grouping elements of an architectural design utilizing symmetry, an axis is drawn through the composition center. Elements obeying the center of the composition are grouped on both sides of the axis of symmetry. Moreover, the components must necessarily be the same in shape and color, or, at least, similar to each other.
Basic principles of compositional construction
Symmetry is the uniform arrangement of objects around the compositional center. It can be two sofas opposite each other, two identical bedside tables near the bed, floor lamps next to the fireplace, or shelves on either side of the window. This creates an asymmetrical design in the horizontal plane.
Balance the vertical plane when the ceiling height is higher than the standard one, with a long chandelier. In this case, there should be paintings or another type of decor at eye level on the walls.
The opposite way of building composition in design is asymmetry. It is crucial here that disharmony is not created in the interior. There should be no unnecessary objects and inappropriate voids.
Often, with this design, the principle of an isosceles triangle is used:
– 2/3 of the area is filled with different pieces of furniture and decor, and
– 1/3 is left for one massive object, for example, a mirror, fireplace, panel, table, or wardrobe.
Such a complex construction will help add variety to the interior design. The main thing is to maintain balance and not oversaturate the room with objects.
With an asymmetric grouping of compositional elements, it is impossible to draw a clear axis of symmetry. Such a composition is based on the principles of the balance of features. In this case, the elements of the space are always located in a certain rhythm. This can be through strictly fixed distances from each other or freely (without the same distance between the elements).
An asymmetrical arrangement of elements of a composition is considered a more complex way of grouping elements and requires some training and experience. So in the first stage, master symmetry well. When you have plenty of experience building symmetrical compositions, it will not be difficult for you to create an asymmetrical arrangement in the interior.
Rhythm in interior design is created by the repetition of horizontal or vertical elements: cornices, columns, arches, lamps. One can use furniture items such as chairs. An unusual solution would be to “interrupt” the rhythm with an object different from the general unity – add a row of identical chairs with one chair of a different color.
There should be no diagonal and curved surfaces in a static composition, so a stable design dominates. It is created by horizontal elements, low furniture, deep sofas. Most often, such a composition is applied to the classic interior style. Excessive “stability” risks robbing the design of life, so experiment with decor and accessories.
Dynamic composition in design is suitable for modern styles. The movement in such interiors is created by an asymmetrical arrangement of furniture, diagonal directions, and vertical lines. There can be a lot of free space here, which will balance the abundance of complex structures and elements.
One must balance the composition. Ideally, all elements of the composition should be evenly spaced throughout the volume within their boundaries. There should be no bends in any one direction (one side is filled with elements, the other is empty). If the details in the composition are concentrated unevenly, then its essential requirements are accordingly violated: balance and stability.
All elements of the composition must be interconnected. There should be no random elements in it. This relationship is based on the similarity of features. Pieces can be similar to each other (identity), slightly different (nuance), and very different (contrast) from each other.
In practice, one can achieve this in several ways: by applying one unifying color on different elements, uniformity of the shape of components, using similar and repeating elements.
The creation of harmonious, aesthetically valuable interiors is based on the principle of combining compositional contrasts. This means that interior elements should be divided into main and secondary ones, elements richly decorated and laconic, elements with a complex and simple form.
It may also seem to beginners that architectural composition and its rules are intangible and difficult to understand and explain. And even worse: composition is complete nonsense. They say that everyone has their own unique taste and knows best how to furnish their apartment or house. However, this is not at all the case. An interior space has its own rules and principles that people follow for a reason. Follow the above tips to get the best-looking space with your furniture and home decor pieces.