Trained as an architect prior to becoming a fashion designer, Gianfranco Ferré was known as the “architect of fashion”. Ferré’s signature womenswear collection was launched in 1978 and menswear followed suit in 1982, while his couture collection was introduced in 1986. Shape and structure were to be expected from the Italian designer, playing a dominant role in much Ferré’s designs. He was also known for his crisp lines and impeccable tailoring, with the white shirt becoming his signature piece. In 1989, Ferré was appointed as the head designer of Christian Dior. The engagement ended in 1997 and he was succeeded by John Galliano. With the passing of Gianfranco Ferré in 2007, the Italian label was taken over by designers, Tommaso Aquilano and Roberto Rimondi. They remain true to the designs of the late Ferré, with geometric dresses for women and sharply tailored suits for men.